Fractional antedating goal response nerve dating confessions
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Mowrer came up with two-factor theory Mowrer used to help explain avoidance conditioning first factor is simple classical conditioning---light paired with shock=CS and UCS---he called signal learning second factor is solution learning (operant/instrumental learning)--drive to reduce is CONDITIONED FEAR onset of CS motivates a drive to reduce fear Mowrer's contribution to emotions associated with CS's decremental reinforcers reduce a drive, while incremental reinforcers produce or increase a drive moved away from Hullian theory by proposing that learning can also occur from drive induction rather than just reductionanimal presented with two stimuli and is reinforced for responding to one but not the other Hull and Spence attacked by cognitive psychologists Spence was like: 1) s Hr toward reinforced stimulus increases with each reinforcement 2) Inhibition builds up towards nonreinforced stimulus with each trial 3) habit strength and inhibition generalize to reinforced and nonreinforced stimuli 4) generalized habit strength gerneralized inhibition 5) generalized habit strength and inhibition combine algebraically 6) which stimulus is approached is determined by this algebraic summation 7) the stimulus with the great net habit strength will be responded to Spence's explanation of extinction Hull said that extinction occurs when K is 0 and Ir and s Ir become to dominant forces of behavior Spence: nonreinforcement causes primary frustration, which elicts responses that are incompatible with the learned response and compete with it with continued nonreinforcement.animal learns to anticipate frustration--fractional anticipatory frustration reaction (rf) rf generalizes and occurs earlier and earlier in the chained behavior until it gets to the initial stimulus and rg-sg combination in the chain active interference of learned behavior caused by responses of frustration rf's act in similar way as rg-sg links-rf's give rise to sf's which stimulate behavior that stems from frustration (incompatible with reaching the goal box Frustration theory has 4 properties 1) primary frustration is energizing and temporarily increases the strength/magnitude/speed of behavior---frustration effect 2) the energizing reaction to nonreward has the same effect as a drive---frustration drive stimulus 3) conditioned anticipatory frustration: the response conditioned to environmental sitmuli associated with primary frustration--anticipatory frustration stimulus 4) and the internal feedback stimuli produced by that conditioned--rf-sf mechanism during extinction, animal faces nothing but frustration explains PRE conducted experiments to show how animals could control their internal environments autonomic/visceral conditioning used biofeedback to display to patients the information about their internal environments behavioral vs.
Type R conditioning is also known as operant conditioning because the organism emits a response and then gets reinforcement.
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Fractional Antedating Goal Response (r G) Habit family hierarchy Mowrers two-factor theory Decremental and incremental learning Sign learning Kenneth Spences latent learning Incentive motivation Frustration-competition theory of extinction Amsels frustration effect Molar behavior and purposive behaviorism Similarities between Tolman and Guthrie, on motivation reinforcement Cognitive maps and hypotheses Vicarious learning Learning vs.
Type S conditioning is also known as respondent conditioning because the researcher presents a certain stimulus to an animal that elicits a response.Or use it to create really cool photo slideshows - with 2D and 3D transitions, animation, and your choice of music - that you can share with your Facebook friends or Google circles.For a small fee you can get the industry's best online privacy or publicly promote your presentations and slide shows with top rankings. translation جنسي card phone done word toe change knock aortic arch... plan ربح السهم المستحقّ controlling law mountain para file double cut...