Dating the historical buddha part 2
Its objective was to preserve the Buddha's sayings (suttas) and the monastic discipline or rules (Vinaya).Even though the Buddha allowed the Sangha to abolish the minor rules, the Sangha made the unanimous decision to keep all the rules of the Vinaya.It is said that following the Buddha's death, 499 of the Buddha's top arahats were chosen to attend the council, with one seat reserved for Ananda, then a sotapanna.As the meeting approached, Ananda trained himself until the dawn of day of the council.
The volume contains papers by Heinz Bechert Siglinde Dietz, Jens-Uwe Hartmannm Gustav Roth, Heinz Braun Hajime Nakamura, Herbert Hartel Herman Kulke, george von simsonm Adelheid Mette, Oskar von hinuber Wilhelm Halbfass Andre Bareau Mallebrein Petra Kieffer Pulz. The papers read at the conference and published in the two above mentioned volumes were composed in one of four languages Viz English German, French or Tibetan for the present volume all contributions have either been written in or translated into English. Concluding Remarks 34 The dating of the historical Buddha in the history of western scholarship up t 1980 by Siglinde Dietz1. The present volume represents an updated survey of the state of research in this field which is based largely on the results achieved at this symposium and incorporates some more recent investigations. Therefore various attempts have been made to reach a workable consensus but the majority of South Asian and Western as well as by a considerable number of South Asian scholars supposes that Buddha died within a few years of 480 B. to quote from the Cambridge history of India this calculation served as a cornerstone of early Indian history. published in western countries or in south Asia during the last hundred years. Narain (banaras Hindu University and Department of history University of Wisconsin Madison) by Priv Doz Dr. Ruth Walldfe (Uppsala) have been published in the second volume of this publication it will be supplemented in due course by a third part with indexes bibliography etc. While most Buddhist sources and scholars agree that the Buddha passed away at the age of eighty years traditional dates of the Parinirvana i.e. It remains a matter of crucial importance for Indian and indeed world historiography. As I have mentioned before this corrected long chronology which was proposed with variations ranging from 486 B. Thus dates assigned to the Brahman literature ca 1000B. Notwithstanding a very small number of exceptions we meet with this corrected long chronology in practically all the modern handbooks of Indian history world history, history of religion etc.Thank you for providing such great art and books to people around the World who can't make it to India as often as we would like.A number of contributors attempt to assess the most likely date for the Buddha by the use of indirect evidence as to Indian cultural history.