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These included materials that were regarded as precious in antiquity—lapis lazuli and hardstones, such as agates and rock crystals—as well as stones or minerals that were attractive for their patterns or grains, which were enhanced by ancient lapidaries.This continually war-torn country probably did not produce all these beads; neighboring Pakistan and India, who were also beadmakers in ancient times, likely produced some of them.See Also: Bauxite Beads Also called azagba, zagba, or adjaba, these large powder glass beads are made by the Krobo people of Ghana.Usually formed in clay molds, the beads measure up to 5 cm long and range from nearly cylindrical to barrel shaped, and sometimes biconical.We are continuously adding to the Dictionary, so check back often.To search for keywords in Dictionary headings, enter the word (singular will pull more results) in the Search box at the top right of this screen.Abalone is a marine mollusk of the genus Haliotis with worldwide distribution.
In the 20th century, beautiful ancient stone beads from Afghanistan became available to collectors.
Afghanistan was, however, the source of the tabular and lenticular beads, which showcase the beauty of the stones, many of which are translucent.
The coveted long bicone beads, as well as leech beads, also came from Afghanistan.
Adjagba typically have a yellow or ochre matrix with a grainy texture, which is decorated with longitudinal stripes, often twisted into spirals, in black, blue, green, brown, or red.
Occasionally the beads are further embellished with spots, circles, or equatorial bands.